Xanax 2mg (Alprazolam)is used for the management of anxiety disorder or for the short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety. This medicine works by binding at several sites within the brain and affecting the chemical action to produce a depressive effect on brain activity.
Xanax 2mg (Alprazolam) helps by promoting sleep, reducing anxiety and worry. Xanax Xr is also used to treat panic disorder with or without fear in open public space (agoraphobia), and for the short-term treatment of anxiety associated with depression.
Xanax 2mg (Alprazolam) is an anxiolytic drug, a derivative of triazolo-benzodiazepine. This medication has anxiolytic, sedative, hypnotic, anticonvulsant, central muscle relaxant effect. The mechanism of action is to enhance the inhibitory effect of endogenous GABA in the CNS by increasing the sensitivity of the GABA-receptor mediator as a result of stimulation of benzodiazepine receptors located in the allosteric center of postsynaptic GABA-receptor activating ascending reticular formation of brain stem neurons and the lateral horns of the spinal cord; reduces the excitability of the subcortical brain structures (the limbic system, thalamus, hypothalamus), inhibits the polysynaptic spinal reflexes.
Pronounced anxiolytic activity (reduction of emotional tension, easing anxiety, fear, anxiety) is combined with moderate soporific effect; it shortens the period of sleep, increases sleep duration and reduces the number of nighttime awakenings. The mechanism of hypnotic action is inhibition of cell reticular formation of the brain.
Xanax 2mg (Alprazolam) Side effects
The following side-effects may commonly occur when using Xanax 2mg (Alprazolam). If any of these side-effects worsen or last for a long time, you should consult with your doctor:
change in weight
difficulty in erection (erectile dysfunction)
disturbance in attention
excessive sleepiness (hypersomnia)
feeling of anxiety (anxious)
inability to remember information
inability to stay awake and feeling lazy
increased or decreased sex drive in men and women
inflammation of the skin (dermatitis)
lack of energy (lethargy)
lack of muscle coordination (jerky, uncoordinated movements)
loss of alertness
loss of appetite
problems with balance
state of calm (sedation)
The following side-effects may commonly occur in older patients on the use of Xanax. Discuss with your doctor if any of these side-effects last for a long time or are severe:
an abnormal condition of mind (psychoses)
weakness of muscle and skeleton system
The following side-effects may commonly occur in children when using Xanax . Discuss with your doctor if any of these side-effects last for a long time or are severe:
an abnormal condition of the mind (psychoses)
Rarely, the use of Xanax may cause the following side-effects:
abnormally high level of prolactin in the blood (hyperprolactinaemia)
burning or prickling sensation
changes in skin color and temperature (vasomotor disturbances)
difficulties in focus
difficulty urinating (micturition difficulties)
excessive breathing (hyperventilation)
feeling unreal (derealization)
increased mental activity (psychomotor hyperactivity)
increased pressure in the eye (intraocular pressure increased)
loss of control over urination (incontinence)
loss of control senses (disinhibition)
mental health disorder (cognitive disorder)
mildly elevated mood (hypomania)
muscle tone disorder
ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
severe itching of the skin
short-term memory loss (transient amnesia)
stiffness of the muscle (rigidity)
stomach discomfort (abdominal distress)
swelling of the feet, ankles, or fingers
taste changes (alteration)
uncontrolled muscle movement (dystonia)
weakness of muscle or skeleton system
Interactions with Xanax 2mg (Alprazolam)
When two or more medicines are taken together, it can change how the medicines work and increase the risk of side-effects. In medical terms, this is called as a Drug Interaction.
Xanax may interact with opioids, which are used to relieve pain. The use of benzodiazepines and opioids together increases the risk of sedation, breathing insufficiency, coma, and can be possibly fatal because of additive brain depressant (central nervous system depressant) effect. It may also cause an increase in the experience of happiness or excitement which can lead to more mental dependence. If benzodiazepines and opioids are used together, limit the dosage and duration of treatment. Monitor the patients strictly for breathing insufficiency and sedation.
There may be an interaction of Xanax with other brain depressants (CNS depressants). Xanax produces an additive effect when used with other brain depressants (CNS depressants) such as psychotropic medicines, neuroleptics, hypnotics, anti-anxiety drugs, sedatives, antidepressants, narcotic analgesics, anesthetics, anticonvulsants, and antihistamines. The patient should be cautious when using Xanax with other brain depressants (CNS depressants).You may also need Farmapram.