Focalin XR 10mg (Dexmethylphenidate HCl) Capsules

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Focalin XR 10mg (Dexmethylphenidate HCl) is an oral, extended-release stimulant approved for treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for children ages 6 to 12, teenagers, and adults.


Focalin XR 10mg (Dexmethylphenidate HCl) is a central nervous system stimulant. The central nervous system acts as a control center, sending out information to all areas of the body to regulate timing and processing. Stimulants enhance alertness and promote movement. For this reason, Focalin XR 10mg (Dexmethylphenidate HCl) may speed up your metabolism, the process in which your body converts food to energy.

How It Works

ADHD is a disorder of the brain that can cause inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The most common treatment has been prescription-strength stimulant medications, which are believed to maintain alertness and help people with ADHD concentrate and focus.

It is believed that there may be a combination of genetic and environmental factors that lead to ADHD, and that stimulant drugs may reduce some of the symptoms by increasing neurotransmitter activity in certain regions in the brain.

Focalin and Focalin XR 10mg (Dexmethylphenidate HCl) are composed of dexmethylphenidate HCL, an isomer of the active ingredient in Ritalin (methylphenidate)—one of the first drugs used to treat ADHD. Isomers are nearly identical forms of a molecule that differ in the arrangement of their atoms, which can make them act differently in the body. The idea behind Focalin is that the dexmethylphenidate HCl isomer may have a more potent therapeutic effect than the methylphenidate in Ritalin and may produce fewer side effects.

Because of this difference, Focalin is often prescribed at half the dose of Ritalin with equivalent therapeutic effects.

How It’s Used

Focalin XR is available in 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40-mg capsules. The recommended dose of Focalin XR is the same as the total dose of Focalin. For example, if you or your child has taken Focalin 10 mg twice per day, then the Focalin XR dose would be 20 mg once per day.

Focalin XR 10mg (Dexmethylphenidate HCl), as well as Ritalin LA, are capsules composed of 50 percent immediate release beads and 50 percent delayed release beads, trying to mimic a twice-daily dosing.

If you or your child is given a prescription for Focalin XR, it should be taken in the morning. It can be taken with or without food. You should not cut or chew the capsule because this will impact its ability to be properly absorbed by your body.

Instead, if you have a hard time swallowing it, the capsule can be opened and the contents sprinkled on to food, which should be small enough to be swallowed without chewing. Focalin XR 10mg (Dexmethylphenidate HCl) uses a mechanism called SODAS (Spheroidal Oral Drug Absorption System), which is what makes this possible.

Side Effects, Interactions, and Contraindications

Focalin XR might not be safe for you if you have a heart condition, glaucoma, psychiatric illness, thoughts of suicide, tics, high blood pressure, vascular disease, or seizures.

It can potentially interact with a variety of medications, such as antidepressants, blood thinners, anticonvulsants, and blood pressure medications, so be sure that your prescribing doctor is aware of anything you are taking.

When you are taking Focalin XR 10mg (Dexmethylphenidate HCl), your doctor will periodically assess its impact on your symptoms of ADHD and whether you are experiencing any of the drug’s potential side effects, of which there are several. The decision as to whether you should continue to take the medication or not depends on your personal experience with it—both pros and cons.

Side effects of Focalin XR include:

Stomach aches, nausea, loss of appetite
Dry mouth
Serious, but less common side effects include:

Hallucinations and/or paranoia
Heart rhythm problems
Aggression or other behavior changes
Depression, suicidal ideation (thinking about suicide)
Vision changes
Priapism (prolonged erection without arousal, which is often painful. You may need also Adderall 20mg.


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