Adderall XR 30mg is a once-daily, timed-release stimulant medication primarily is used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children ages 6-12, adolescents, and adults.
Adderall XR 30mg belongs to a class of drugs called central nervous system stimulants. The drug works by increasing levels of the brain chemical dopamine, which stimulates the brain.
What Is the Dosage for Adderall XR?
As with all medications, follow your Adderall XR prescription instructions exactly. Adderall XR is taken orally, with or without food, once daily. The first dose is typically taken first thing in the morning; it should be taken at the same time each day for the best results.
Capsules should be swallowed whole with water or other liquids. If your child is unable to swallow the capsule, it can be opened and sprinkled over a spoonful of applesauce. Taken this way, the mixture should be swallowed whole without chewing, followed by a drink of water or other liquid. Capsules should never by crushed or chewed.
Capsules are available in 5mg, 10mg, 15mg, 20mg, 25mg and 30mg dosages. The time-release formulation is designed to maintain a steady level of medication in your body throughout the day.
The optimal dosage varies patient by patient; is not determined by age, weight, or height, but rather by how a person metabolizes the medication. Your doctor may adjust your daily dosage by 5mg increments until you or your child experiences the best response — that is, the lowest dosage at which you experience the greatest improvement in symptoms without side effects.
Children ages 6-12 should not exceed 30mg once daily. It is rare that a patient needs to exceed 40mg daily. Taking a high dosage for a prolonged time can result in withdrawal symptoms like fatigue, depression, insomnia, irritability, psychosis, or personality changes. If you or your child exceeds the prescribed dosage, call your doctor or poison control, or seek emergency medical care.
During treatment, your doctor may periodically ask you to stop taking your Adderall XR so that he or she can monitor ADHD symptoms; check vital statistics including blood, heart, and blood pressure; or evaluate height and weight. If any problems are found, your doctor may recommend discontinuing treatment.
What Side Effects are Associated with Adderall XR?
The most common side effects of Adderall XR are as follows:
Children (ages 6 to 12): Loss of appetite, insomnia, abdominal pain, emotional lability, vomiting, nervousness, nausea, and fever.
Adolescents (ages 13 to 17): Loss of appetite, insomnia, abdominal pain, weight loss, and nervousness.
Adults: Dry mouth, loss of appetite, insomnia, headache, weight loss, nausea, anxiety, agitation, dizziness, tachycardia, diarrhea, asthenia, and urinary tract infections.
Adderall should not be taken off-label to help you lose weight. Weight loss is not an approved use for this medication.
Other serious side effects include slowed growth in children, seizures, and changes in eyesight. Taking Adderall XR may impair your or your teenager’s ability to drive, operate machinery, or perform other potentially dangerous tasks. This side effect usually wears off with time. If side effects are bothersome, or do not go away, talk to your doctor. Most people taking this medication do not experience any of these side effects.
Report to your doctor any heart-related problems or a family history of heart and blood pressure problems. Patients with structural cardiac abnormalities and other serious heart problems have experienced sudden death, stroke, heart attack, and increased blood pressure while taking Adderall XR. Stimulants can increase blood pressure and heart rate. Physicians should monitor these vital signs closely during treatment.
What Precautions are Associated with Adderall XR 30mg?
Store Adderall XR 30mg in a secure place out of the reach of children, and at room temperature. Do not share your Adderall XR prescription with anyone, even another person with ADHD. Sharing prescription medication is illegal, and can cause harm.
You should not take Adderall XR 30mg if you have any of the following conditions:
Symptomatic cardiovascular disease
Moderate to severe hypertension
Known hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to the sympathomimetic amines
History of drug abuse
During or within the administration of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
If you’re thinking of becoming pregnant, discuss the use of Adderall XR with your doctor. Animal studies indicate a potential risk of fetal harm; infants may be born prematurely, with low birth weight, have learning or motor deficits, or experience withdrawal. Adderall XR 30mg is passed through breastmilk, so it is recommended that mothers do not nurse while taking it.